Everything You Need to Know to Save Your Babies Life

If you have a baby, then you know that first aid is important. Learn how to perform CPR on a baby and other first aid techniques from the experts at CPR Kids.

Contrary to popular belief, CPR is not about bringing someone back to life. It is a common misconception that if the person does not wake up while you are doing CPR, you are not doing it correctly. The truth is, you wouldn’t expect them to wake up.

When performing CPR for babies, it is not about fixing the problem that caused them to need CPR. Instead, you are the pump that is helping to circulate blood around their body, to supply the brain (and other vital organs) with oxygen.

CPR for babies follows the same steps as for an adult or older child. However, there are some subtle but nonetheless important differences. DRSABCD is a 7-step action plan for finding out if someone needs CPR, then performing it.

Steps For Performing CPR

Here are the steps for performing CPR on a baby up to 12 months of age:

D: Danger

Check for danger around you and your infant and other people present, such as siblings. You need to make sure that you are safe to help your infant. If you are hurt, you cannot help them. You also need to make sure that your baby is free from danger. If there is something around that can cause them more harm, such as a busy road at the scene of a car accident, move your baby to a safe place. If they are safe, leave them where they are.

R: Response

Check to see if your baby is responding to you. You want to know if your baby is conscious (responding) or unconscious (not responding) because if they are conscious, they don’t need CPR. They might still need emergency medical treatment, but they don’t need you to start compression on their chest!

Check for a response by holding your baby in your arms, talk to them and give them a firm tickle on the ribs. Firmly tickle and squeeze their hands and feet. If your baby is not responding, move on to the next step.

S: Send for help

Call triple zero (000 – the Australian emergency services number), and tell the operator you need an ambulance. Be calm and clear, follow the instructions the operator gives you, and don’t hang up. Download the Emergency Plus app to your smartphone.

A: Airway

Clear and open your baby’s airway. Your airways are the tubes you breathe through, from your nose and mouth down to your lungs. If your baby’s airway is blocked, they cannot get air into their lungs.

Lay your baby on the floor. Check their mouth for food, vomit or other objects. If you see something in their mouth, roll your baby gently onto their side and clear it out. Don’t be tempted to give a big sweep with your fingers as this may push the object down further. Once clear, roll your baby onto their back again and open their airway – hold their head in a neutral position (head straight in line with their body, not tilted back in the way you do for adult CPR). Use your thumb and index finger to lift your baby’s chin upwards. Keep holding as you move on to the next step.

B: Breathing

Check for breathing. While you keep holding their airway open, get down close to your baby and look, listen and feel for up to 10 seconds. Look for the rise and fall of their tummy, listen for air coming out of their nose and mouth, and feel for air coming out with your cheek.

If their breathing is normal, roll them onto their side and make sure help is coming. If their breathing is abnormal, or they aren’t breathing at all, and they are unconscious, you need to start compressions.

C: Compressions

Take off your infant’s clothes so you can see their chest. On the lower half of their breastbone (the middle of the chest), press down with two fingers about one-third of the depth of their chest. You need to do around 100-120 compressions per minute, which is 2 per second. Very fast! The “Baby Shark” song is the perfect beat. Don’t be afraid of pressing too hard with your fingers. Remember the aim of what you are trying to do: pump blood around their body to bring oxygen to your baby’s brain.

You will need to do 30 compressions followed by 2 breaths. For the breaths, seal your open mouth over your baby’s nose and mouth, and give a small puff of air. Imagine blowing out a single candle on a birthday cake; this is what you need to do to give breaths to a baby.

Once you have given two breaths, immediately go straight back into compressions, and keep repeating 30:2 until help arrives and takes over, you are exhausted, your baby starts responding or an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) tells you to stop.

D: Defibrillator (AED)

AEDs are widely available in the community. You may have noticed the signs at your local shopping centre, train station or workplace. Contrary to popular belief, you don’t need to have specific training to use one. These machines are generally completely automated and give you voice prompts on what to do, so pretty much anyone can use them. An AED reads the rhythm of the heart, and if the heart is in a rhythm that requires an electrical current to ‘shock’ it back to normal, it administers it.

No longer are AEDs restricted to just adults and older children, they now can be used at any age, from newborns to older people. If your baby needs CPR and an AED is available, don’t hesitate to use it. Simply put the AEDs sticky pads on your baby’s skin (follow the pictures on the pads), ensure the pads are not touching, and switch the AED on. Simply follow its prompts. It will tell you what to do.

To see DRSABCD in action, watch the CPR Kids YouTube video:


In person practice is a great way to learn CPR for babies, and to stay up to date with the latest guidelines. Enrol in a First Aid for babies class today - You’ll never regret the 3 hours you spend learning life saving skills.

To learn more about what we do and our pediatric nurses you can head to our homepage and get to know
the team.

Or if you would like to know more about our CPR for babies and infant first aid classes or online courses
click below.

Private Classes

Hold a class in your home or venue of your choice - perfect for friends and family, and we specialise in mother's groups!

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Learn Online

We know that sometimes you just can’t get to a course. But accidents and other illnesses still happen.
That’s why we have developed a comprehensive online eLearning program based on our paediatric first aid classes.

Learn More

Public Classes

Join a CPR Kids public class, held in maternity hospitals and community locations. Parents, grandparents, friends and extended family all welcome.

Learn More

Corporate Sessions

A program designed for corporates and not-for-profit organisations. Tailored to your workplace or client's requirements, we can provide everything from Lunch 'n' Learn sessions to large scale CPR activities.

Learn More

Don’t take our word for it…

“After a simple one hour of training from the incredibly knowledgeable CPR Kids team, I walked out feeling armed with the skills needed to help and/or take control in a life threatening situation. My gratitude to Westpac, Julia and Jess and CPR Kids for being given this opportunity is immense….”

Participant of a Corporate class
With an NPS of 93 - we care about your time with us and it shows.

Be Empowered

"If you're contemplating doing this course - do it! There were so many things I hadn't even thought of that were covered and I'm making my husband do the next session! Such basic skills that could save lives and I can't believe I hadn't done this sooner!"

Alix S
Join the thousands of Australians who have been empowered at a CPR Kids class.

Gain Confidence

"This is a great course to do, I feel much more confident after doing this course to administer CPR on a baby or child. Information provided is easy to understand and not overwhelming at all. Anyone looking after kids should be doing this course, our trainer was excellent."

Marnee F
Learn essential life-saving skills and how to confidently act in an emergency situation.

Frequently Asked Questions

Does the current COVID-19 outbreak affect my class?

We are thrilled to be holding classes both face to face and online as per government guidelines and state restrictions!

Rest assured – we have strict infection control policies in place to keep you safe.

Click here for our COVIDSafe changes.

All available classes are open for booking – just head to our bookings page.

If you would prefer to learn online, we have multiple options available– you can find out more and here.

Can my children come?

**PLEASE NOTE THERE MAY BE SOME CHANGES DUE TO COVID RESTRICTIONS IN YOUR AREA Babies & breastfeeding are welcome at all of our classes!

  • Public classes: We welcome all parents bringing their babies along to our classes.  Young children who are mobile though, often become unsettled during class – we recommend that mobile children are left at home so that you are able to concentrate and get the most out of your time with our educators. This is also for your child’s safety, as we can only accomodate for babies who aren’t yet mobile, in the hospital environment. If you are breastfeeding a mobile child, we are more than happy for you to take a break or have them visit you during class time to breastfeed.
  • Private Classes: Children of all ages are welcome within private classes. Just keep in mind when making a booking that a class timed for children’s naps often works best. This way you can concentrate – and don’t forget to allow extra time to accommodate for nappy changes and feeds! Children aged 8 to 14 years are able to come with you  (a paying adult) to any class (both private and public), free of charge.

Why should I do a class with CPR Kids?

CPR Kids teaches you more than just First Aid. Our expert paediatric nurses and midwives empower you with the confidence to recognise and respond to your sick or injured child.

• All our educators are specialised paediatric nurses or midwives and have current AHPRA registration.

• Our classes follow the Australian Resuscitation Council guidelines and other nationally-recognised medical bodies.

• All educators are parents or carers themselves and have experienced what they teach first-hand.

• We offer post-class resources for learning retention and ongoing practice.

• We can come to you at a time & location that suits you.

• We offer open classes hosted by major private maternity hospitals and community venues.

• We are recommended by leading obstetricians & paediatric specialists.

Which class should I do?

There are many unique circumstances that will make one class more suitable than another for different people. That’s why we host a number of different classes so that you can choose one to suit your particular situation and needs.  From hospital & community based classes, to private classes in your home. Every class you attend will give you the knowledge and confidence to respond in an emergency situation.  Review our range of classes available.

Is all CPR training the same?

No. CPR and First Aid classes can be perceived as boring and irrelevant. The CPR Kids classes break this common perception – they are fun, interactive and everything that you learn is tailored to your situation. Because we are all experienced paediatric nurses who have experienced everything we teach you, we can impart our skills and knowledge to you. We are also parents, so we understand how distressing it is to have a sick or injured child, and can help give you the skills to remain calm in an emergency.

How many people will be in my class?

Private Couples Class (in your home): You can have a maximum of 2 adults in this class. Children welcome. Find out more about Private Couples classes.

Private Group Baby and Child Class (in your home in NSW, QLD and VIC): You can have a private class in your home  for a group of 1-10 which is charges as a flat rate,  and a group of more than 10 people is charged at a per person rate. We ask that you have a maximum of 24 people in your class. Like to know more? Talk to us about what we can tailor for you. Find out more about Private Group Classes.

Public Baby and Child First Aid (in selected maternity hospitals and community locations in NSW, QLD and VIC): Join a CPR Kids public class –  recommended by maternity hospitals and obstetricians, the number of  people in your class varies, depending on location and COVID-19 restrictions.   Find out more about  Hospital & Open classes.

Corporate Classes (in the workplace):  We will accommodate the content and structure of your course to your Company’s requirements.   Find out more about Corporate Classes.

What do participants receive?

• For the host of a private class, a copy of A life. A finger. A pea up a nose. by Sarah Hunstead. This book covers all the topics learned in-class plus many more. First Aid situations that affect children and babies.

• A quick reference guide covering First Aid scenarios and CPR flowchart.

• A fridge postcard of DRSABCD and other first aid.

• Access to our self paced online learning platform

• A Certificate of Attendance is sent to all participants after their class.  This may be used toward professional development (CPD) hours, however, please note, this is not a Certificate of Attainment. Confirm with your workplace prior to booking your class as to what type of class you need.

Do you do accredited courses?

CPR Kids provides Nationally Recognised Training on behalf of and in partnership with The First Aid Group (Registered Training Organisation 32268).  Our classes advertised and available for booking on line are non-accredited classes.  However, we can absolutely arrange an Accredited Class for you and your team.  

These include a Nationally Recognised Training Certificate upon successful completion of the course. 

For further information please visit www.thefirstaidgroup.com.au/learner

Please contact us if you would like to book either of these classes.

Can I claim CPR Kids classes with my Health Fund?

It depends on your Health Fund. Our educators are Registered Nurses and Midwives, however, they do not have provider numbers so we cannot claim for you. Some Health Funds will refund part or full payment for First Aid courses. Please contact your fund for more details.  We will happily provide a receipt, on request, if required by your Health Fund.

Do you teach classes in the evening?

Yes, we can teach Private Group home classes in evenings (7pm is the latest start time), daytime, during the week and also on weekends.  Don’t hesitate to get in touch to discuss what class time might work best for you.

Can I eat during my class?

Yes! Feel free to snack during our classes, especially if you are pregnant.

Can I breastfeed during the class?

Yes, all our classes are breast-feeding friendly.

What's your payment and cancellation policy?

Payment in full is required at the time of booking via credit card (MasterCard, Visa or American Express), and for private groups we can do individual payments – as the host you don’t need to pay for everyone else! A minimum of 48 hours notice is required for cancellation.  Less than 48 hours notice of cancellation incurs a charge of 25% of your class fee.  Emergency situations (such as labour!) are exempt from cancellation fee.  No-shows incur a charge of the full class fee.

How far do you travel from the CBD?

CPR Kids travels to Greater Sydney, Newcastle, Wollongong, Brisbane, Gold & Sunshine Coasts, Melbourne & various regional areas in NSW, QLD & VIC  for Baby & Child First Aid classes.  Please contact us if you live outside these areas as we may be able to arrange a course, based on your location.  A travel fee may apply.  Live in a rural area?  Get a big group together –  we love a road trip!  

I have a big Mother’s Group. Can you still teach us?

Yes we can! We have lots of options as to how we can meet the needs of your group. Contact us to see how we can meet your needs.  Where? CPR Kids come to your home or venue of choice. Why not host the session in the local park on a sunny day?

Do you provide classes for not-for-profit organisations?

Yes, we partner with a number of NFP’s to provide training for people in disadvantaged circumstances. If you would like to discuss our not-for-profit rates, please get in touch.

Where does the information you teach us come from?

We only teach Australian Resuscitation Council guidelines CPR. Other sources for first aid include ASCIA, The Asthma Foundation, and the ARC. For a more detailed reference list, please click here.

Who teaches the classes?

We are all Paediatric, Emergency, Intensive care, Retrieval Nurses and/or Midwives – specialising in paediatrics. Between us, the team at CPR Kids collectively have over 200 years of experience. We all have postgraduate qualifications ranging from Diplomas in Paediatrics to Masters Degrees in Critical Care.

The founder and Director of CPR Kids, Sarah Hunstead, has over 15 years experience as a paediatric emergency nurse, is author of A life. A finger. A pea up a nose – A practical guide to baby and child First Aid and is the paediatric expert for the National Institute of First Aid Trainers. You can find out more about each of our wonderful educators here.

If I have trouble with the self-paced online course, who should I contact?

Please contact us at email [email protected] or call 1300 543 727 during business hours M-F. We aim to respond within 48 hours of your enquiry.

What do we receive for completing the self-paced online course?

On completion of the course, you will be able to access your Certificate of Attendance. Please note that as this is a non-accredited course, you will NOT receive a Certificate of Attainment (Nationally Recognised Training) – please check if this will suit your own purposes.

Can I stop and start the self-paced online course when I like? Is there a time limit?

Yes! Learn when it suits you, stop and start at any time and revisit any of the modules as many times as you like for 12 months. You have a period of 12 months to complete the content. Learn when it suits you, stop and start at any time and revisit any of the modules as many times as you like for 12 months.

What age is your self-paced online course applicable for?

Our content covers babies and children in the ages: 0-12 years.

Are your live online classes hands on?

Please have a pillow/stuffed toy with you to practice on – you will be practicing the skills you learn on the day with your paediatric nurse educator guiding you through the steps.

What if I can no longer make my live online class time?

Please contact us at email [email protected] or call 1300 543 727.

What do we receive for attending the live online class?

On completion of the course, you will be able to access your Certificate of Completion. Please note that as this is a non-accredited course, you will NOT receive a Certificate of Attainment (Nationally Recognised Training) – please check if this will suit your own purposes.

Can I ask questions in the live online class?

Of course! Please ask any questions you may have, during the class – there will also be a time for questions at the end.

What topics are covered in the live online class?

You will learn how to manage a choking emergency in a baby or child; and how to confidently perform CPR for babies and children. (0-12 years)

What do I need to bring/do during the live online class?

For the best experience and to get the most out of the session, we recommend you:

– bring a pillow or soft toy so you can practice along with your CPR Kids nurse educator

– have your ZOOM video on, so that you can interact and your educator can support your learning

– respect the privacy of all other participants joining via video

Can I join from anywhere in the world? What time-zone are the classes taught in?

We would love to have you join us! Please note that start times are in Sydney (Australian Eastern Daylight Savings) time, so you may need to adjust the start times for your local area.


Book into any of our public classes for 4 or more people with code 4FOR15OFF and get 15% off.

Babies and breastfeeding are always welcome in our classes