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If you have a little one, then you know that first aid is important. Learn how to perform CPR on a child aged 1-8 years and other first aid techniques from the experts paediatric nurses at CPR Kids.

CPR is not about bringing someone back to life. It is a common misconception that if the person does not
wake up while you are doing CPR, you are not doing it correctly. The truth is, you wouldn’t expect them
to wake up.

When performing CPR for children, it is not about fixing the problem that caused them to need CPR. Instead,
you are the pump that is helping to circulate blood around their body, to supply the brain (and other vital
organs) with oxygen.

CPR for kids follows the same steps as for an adult or baby. However, there are some subtle but nonetheless
important differences. DRSABCD is a 7-step action plan for finding out if someone needs CPR, then
performing it.

Steps For Performing CPR

Here are the steps for performing CPR on a child 1-8 years.

D: Danger

Check for danger around you and your infant and other people present, such as siblings. You need to make sure that you are safe to help your infant. If you are hurt, you cannot help them. You also need to make sure that your baby is free from danger. If there is something around that can cause them more harm, such as a busy road at the scene of a car accident, move your baby to a safe place. If they are safe, leave them where they are.

R: Response

Check to see if your baby is responding to you. You want to know if your baby is conscious (responding) or unconscious (not responding) because if they are conscious, they don’t need CPR. They might still need emergency medical treatment, but they don’t need you to start compression on their chest!

Check for a response by holding your baby in your arms, talk to them and give them a firm tickle on the ribs. Firmly tickle and squeeze their hands and feet. If your baby is not responding, move on to the next step.

S: Send for help

Call triple zero (000 – the Australian emergency services number), and tell the operator you need an ambulance. Be calm and clear, follow the instructions the operator gives you, and don’t hang up. Download the Emergency Plus app to your smartphone.

A: Airway

Clear and open your baby’s airway. Your airways are the tubes you breathe though, from your nose and mouth down to your lungs. If your baby’s airway is blocked, they cannot get air into their lungs.

Lay your baby on the floor. Check their mouth for food, vomit or other objects. If you see something in their mouth, roll your baby gently onto their side and clear it out. Don’t be tempted to give a big sweep with your fingers as this may push the object down further. Once clear, roll your baby onto their back again and open their airway – hold their head in a neutral position (head straight in line with their body, not tilted back in the way you do for adult CPR). Use your thumb and index finger to lift your baby’s chin upwards. Keep holding as you move onto the next step.

B: Breathing

Check for breathing. While you keep holding their airway open, get down close to your baby and look, listen and feel for up to 10 seconds. Look for the rise and fall of their tummy, listen for air coming out of their nose and mouth, and feel for air coming out with your cheek.

If their breathing is normal, roll them onto their side and make sure help is coming. If their breathing is abnormal, or they aren’t breathing at all, and they are unconscious, you need to start compressions.

C: Compressions

Take off your infant’s clothes so you can see their chest. On the lower half of their breastbone (the middle of the chest), press down with two fingers about one third of the depth of their chest. You need to do around 100-120 compressions per minute, which is 2 per second. Very fast! The “Baby Shark” song is the perfect beat. Don’t be afraid of pressing too hard with your fingers. Remember the aim of what you are trying to do: pump blood around their body to bring oxygen to your baby’s brain.

You will need to do 30 compressions followed by 2 breaths. For the breaths, seal your open mouth over your baby’s nose and mouth, and give a small puff of air. Imagine blowing out a single candle on a birthday cake; this is what you need to do to give breaths to a baby.

Once you have given two breaths, immediately go straight back into compressions, and keep repeating 30:2 until help arrives and takes over, you are exhausted, your baby starts responding or an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) tells you to stop.

D: Defibrillator (AED)

AEDs are widely available in the community. You may have noticed the signs at your local shopping centre, train station or workplace. Contrary to popular belief, you don’t need to have specific training to use one. These machines are generally completely automated and give you voice prompts on what to do, so pretty much anyone can use them. An AED reads the rhythm of the heart, and if the heart is in a rhythm that requires an electrical current to ‘shock’ it back to normal, it administers it.

No longer are AEDs restricted to just adults and older children, they now can be used at any age, from newborns to older people. If your baby needs CPR and an AED is available, don’t hesitate to use it. Simply put the AEDs sticky pads on your baby’s skin (follow the pictures on the pads), ensure the pads are not touching, and switch the AED on. Simply follow its prompts. It will tell you what to do.

To see DRSABCD in action, watch the CPR Kids YouTube video:

https://youtu.be/CRwB2_zJYIA

Child First Aid Courses

In person practice is a great way to learn CPR for children, and to stay up to date with the latest guidelines. Enrol in a First Aid for children class today – You’ll never regret the 3 hours you spend learning life saving skills.

To learn more about what we do and our pediatric nurses you can head to our homepage and get to know
the team.

Or if you would like to know more about our CPR for babies and infant first aid classes or online courses
click below.

Private Classes

Hold a class in your home or venue of your choice - perfect for friends and family, and we specialise in mother's groups!

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Learn Online

We know that sometimes you just can’t get to a course. But accidents and other illnesses still happen.
That’s why we have developed a comprehensive online eLearning program based on our paediatric first aid classes.

Learn More

Public Classes

Join a CPR Kids public class, held in maternity hospitals and community locations. Parents, grandparents, friends and extended family all welcome.

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Corporate Sessions

A program designed for corporates and not-for-profit organisations. Tailored to your workplace or client's requirements, we can provide everything from Lunch 'n' Learn sessions to large scale CPR activities.

Learn More

Don’t take our word for it…

“After a simple one hour of training from the incredibly knowledgeable CPR Kids team, I walked out feeling armed with the skills needed to help and/or take control in a life threatening situation. My gratitude to Westpac, Julia and Jess and CPR Kids for being given this opportunity is immense….”

Participant of a Corporate class
With an NPS of 93 - we care about your time with us and it shows.

Be Empowered

"If you're contemplating doing this course - do it! There were so many things I hadn't even thought of that were covered and I'm making my husband do the next session! Such basic skills that could save lives and I can't believe I hadn't done this sooner!"

Alix S
Join the thousands of Australians who have been empowered at a CPR Kids class.

Gain Confidence

"This is a great course to do, I feel much more confident after doing this course to administer CPR on a baby or child. Information provided is easy to understand and not overwhelming at all. Anyone looking after kids should be doing this course, our trainer was excellent."

Marnee F
Learn essential life-saving skills and how to confidently act in an emergency situation.

Frequently Asked Questions

TOPIC ONE
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A frequently asked question about classes

Tiam tristique odio sit amet laoreet sollicitudin. Pellentesque id quam placerat, eleifend nisi ut, condimentum lacus. Aliquam luctus pretium neque non finibus. Proin efficitur dui id eros iaculis congue FAQs.

A frequently asked question about classes

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A frequently asked question about classes

Tiam tristique odio sit amet laoreet sollicitudin. Pellentesque id quam placerat, eleifend nisi ut, condimentum lacus. Aliquam luctus pretium neque non finibus. Proin efficitur dui id eros iaculis congue FAQs.

A frequently asked question about classes

Tiam tristique odio sit amet laoreet sollicitudin. Pellentesque id quam placerat, eleifend nisi ut, condimentum lacus. Aliquam luctus pretium neque non finibus. Proin efficitur dui id eros iaculis congue FAQs.

4FOR15OFF

Book into any of our public classes for 4 or more people with code 4FOR15OFF and get 15% off.

Babies and breastfeeding are always welcome in our classes